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Researchers tested police officers, mostly white males, average age 37, in large urban areas, to determine their levels of two distinct types of bias — prejudice and unconscious dehumanization of black people by comparing them to apes. The study described use of force as takedown or wrist lock; kicking or punching; striking with a blunt object; using a police dog, restraints or hobbling; or using tear gas, electric shock or killing. The study also involved mostly white, female undergraduate students from large public U.
In one experiment, students rated the innocence of people ranging from infants to year-olds who were black, white or an unidentified race. The students judged children up to 9 years old as equally innocent regardless of race, but considered black children ificantly less innocent than other children in every age group beginning at age 10, the researchers found.
The students were also shown photographs alongside descriptions of various crimes and asked to assess the age and innocence of white, black or Latino boys ages 10 to The students overestimated the age of blacks by an average of 4. They found that participants who implicitly associated blacks with apes thought the black children were Ebony for older and less innocent. In another experiment, students first viewed either a photo of an ape or a large cat and then rated black and white youngsters in terms of perceived innocence and need for protection as children.
Those who looked at the ape photo gave black children lower ratings and estimated that black children were ificantly older than their actual ages, particularly if the child had been accused of a felony rather than a misdemeanor. Phillip Atiba Goff, PhD, can be contacted by phone at preferred or by.
APA's membership includes more thanresearchers, educators, clinicians, consultants and students. Through its divisions in 54 subfields of psychology and affiliations with 60 state, territorial and Canadian provincial associations, APA works to advance the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people's Ebony for older.
up ». Cite this. American Psychological Association. Black boys viewed as older, less innocent than Whites, research finds [Press release]. Contact Public AffairsEbony for older
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